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    常见缩略词及英文表达缩写汇总

       日期:2020-07-31     作者:小百老师    浏览:52    
    核心提示:01英文缩略词电子科技类IT:信息技术(Information Technology)PC:个人电脑(Personal Computer)APP:应用程序(Application
     
     
    01
    英文缩略词
     
     
     
    电子科技类
     
    IT:信息技术(Information Technology)
    PC:个人电脑(Personal Computer)
    APP:应用程序(Application)
    CPU:中央处理器(Central Processing Unit)
    www:环球信息网/万维网(World Wide Web)
    WiFi:无线网络/无线保真技术(Wireless Fidelity)
    CD:光盘/激光唱片(Compact Disk)
    DJ:音乐节目主持人(Disc Jockey)
    TEL:电话机(Telephone)
    VCD:录像光盘(Video Compact Disk)
    DVD:数字录像光盘(Digital Video Disk)
    VCR:盒式磁带录像(Video Cassette Recorder)
    MV:音乐短片(Music Video)
    KTV:卡拉OK(Karaok TV)
    TV:电视(TeleVision)
    AI:人工智能(Artificial Intelligence)
    GPS:全球定位系统(Global Positioning System)
    ETC:不停车收费系统(Electronic Toll Collection)
    ABS:防锁死刹车系统(Antilock Brake System)
    SUV:运动型多用途轿车(Sport Utility Vehicle)
    BRT:快速公交系统(Bus Rapid Transit)
    LRT:轻轨公交系统(Light Rail Transit)
    ATM:自动取款机(Automatic Teller Machine)
     
     
    国家/地区及国际组织类
     
    PRC:中华人民共和国(The People s Republic of China)
    HK:香港(Hong Kong)
    JP:日本(Japan)
    KR:韩国(Korea)
    UK:英国(United Kingdom)
    US:美国(United States)
    USA:美国(United States of America)
    RUS:俄罗斯(Russia)
    SGP:新加坡(Singapore)
    EU:欧洲联盟/欧盟(European Union)
    UN:联合国(United Nations)
    WTO:世界贸易组织(World Trade Organization)
    WHO:世界卫生组织(World Health Organization)
    CIA:美国中央情报局(Central Intelligence Agency)
    FBI:美国联邦调查局(Federal Bureau of investigation)
    FDA:食品药品监督管理局(Food and Drug Administration)
    ICAC:廉政公署(Independent Commission Against Corruption)
    OPEC:石油输出国组织/欧佩克(Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
     
     
    机构/公司和协会类
     
    EMS:邮政特快专递(Express Mail Service)
    PLA:中国人民解放军(People s Liberation Army)
    CCTV:中国中央电视台(China Central Television)
    CBA:中国篮球协会(Chinese Basketball Association)
    NBA:美国篮球协会(National Basketball Association)
    BBC:英国广播公司(British Broad-casting Corporation)
    VOA:美国之音(Voice of America)
    IOC:国际奥委会(International Olympic Committee)
    ISBN:国际标准书号(International Standard Book Number)
     
     
    其他常见杂类缩写
     
    Ad:广告(Advertisement)
    Add:地址(Address)
    BBQ:烧烤(Barbecue)
    DIY:自己动手/自助服务(Do it Yourself)
    ET:外星人(Extra Terrestrial)
    ID:身份证(Identification Card)
    IQ:智商(Intelligence Quotient)
    EQ:情商(Emotional Quotient)
    PE:体育(Physical Education)
    No.:号码/编号(Number)
    KFC:肯德基(Kentucky Fried Chicken)
    DNA:遗传基因组织(Deoxyribonucleic Acid)
    GMT:格林威治时间或国际标准时间(Greenwich Mean Time)
    GDP:国内生产总值(Gross Domestic Product)
    OMG:我的上帝/我的天哪(Oh My God)
    SOS:求救信号(Save Our Soul)
    UFO:不明飞行物(Unknown Flying Object)
    VIP:重要人物/贵宾(Very important Person)
    WC:厕所(Water Closet)
    Mr.:先生(Mister)
    Ms.:女士(Mrs. or Miss)
    Mrs.:夫人/太太(Mistress)
    AD:公元(Anno Domini)
    BC:公元前(Before Christ)
    AM:上午(Ante Meridiem)(before noon)
    PM:下午(Post Meridiem)(afternoon)
     
    CEO:首席执行官(Chief Executive Officer)
    CFO:首席财务官(Chief Finance Officer)
    COO:首席运营官(Chief Operating Officer)
    CTO:首席技术官(Chief Technology Officer)
    HRD: 人力资源总监(Human Resource Director) 
    OD: 运营总监(Operations Director) 
    MD: 市场总监(Marketing Director)
     
    PhD:博士(Philosophy Doctor)
    MBA:工商管理硕士(Master of Business Administration)
    MPA:公共管理硕士(Master of Public Administration)
     
    中国人民银行:PBC(The People s Bank of China)
    中国建设银行:CCB(China Construction Bank)
    中国农业银行:ABC(Agriculture Bank of China)
    中国工商银行:ICBC(Industrial & Commercial Bank of China)
    中国银行:BOC(Bank of China)
    交通银行:BCM(Bank of Communications)
    招商银行:CMB(China Merchants Bank)
     
     
    星期/月份缩写
     
    星期一:Mon.(Monday)
    星期二:Tues.(Tuesday)
    星期三:Wed.(Wednesday)
    星期四:Thur.(Thursday)
    星期五:Fri.(Friday)
    星期六:Sat.(Saturday)
    星期天:Sun.(Sunday)
    一月:Jan.(January)
    二月:Feb.(February)
    三月:Mar.(March)
    四月:Apr.(April)
    五月:无简写(May)
    六月:Jun.(June)
    七月:Jul.(July)
    八月:Aug.(August)
    九月:Sep.(September)
    十月:Oct.(October)
    十一月:Nov.(November)
    十二月:Dec.(December)
     
     
    计量单位缩写
     
    克 G(Gram)
    公斤 KG(Kilogram)
    公吨 MT(Metric Ton)
    米 M(Metre)
    厘米 CM(Centimetre)
    毫米 MM(Milimetre)
    公里 KM(Kilometre)
    码 Yd.(Yard)
    英尺 Ft.(Foot)
    英寸 In.(Inch)
    升 L(Litre)
    毫升 ML(Millilitre)
    加仑 Gal(Gallon)
    千瓦 KW(Kilowatt)
    马力 HP(Horse Power)
    平方米 Sq.m(Square metre)
    立方米 Cu.m(Cubic metre)
    小时 Hr.(Hour); 分 Min.(Minute); 秒 Sec.(Second)
     
     
    外贸中常见英文缩略词
     
    CR=credit 贷方,债主
    DR=debt 借贷方
    Exp=Expense 花费,费用
    O/H=overhead 常用开支
    TC=total cost 总费用
    FC=fixed cost 常设费用
    VC=variable cost 变动费用
    P=profit 净利润
    S=sales销售总额
    Rev=revenue 利润
    MC=marginal cost 费用差额
    GM=gross margin 毛利
    MR=marginal revenue 利润差额
    A/R=account receivable 待收款(销售后,记账以后收取。)
    A/P=account payable 代付费(花费后记账,以后付费。)
    PMT=payment 支付款
    N/I=net income 纯收入
    AMT=amount 数额
    DCT=discount 打折
    02
    英文句子表达常见缩写
     
     
     
    not相关的否定缩写
     
    通常在原词后加n’t,若原词以n结尾,直接加’t。
     
    1、系动词 + not:
     
    isn’t = is not;wasn’t = was not
     
    aren’t = are not;weren’t = were not
     
    注意:am not一般不缩写。
     
    2、助动词 + not:
     
    don’t = do not;doesn’t = does not
     
    didn’t = did not;haven’t = have not
     
    hasn’t = has not;hadn’t = had not
     
    3、情态动词 + not:
     
    can’t = can not;couldn’t = could not
     
    won’t = will not;wouldn’t = would not
     
    shouldn’t = should not
     
    ◆例句
     
    1、Tom isn’t my brother. = Tom is not my brother.(汤姆不是我的弟弟。)
     
    2、He didn’t come back. = He did not come back.(他没有回来。)
     
    3、She can’t finish the work alone. = She can not finish the work alone. (她无法独自完成工作。)
     
     
     
    人称代词+系动词的缩写
     
    am缩写成’m,are缩写成’re,is缩写成’s。
     
    I’m = I am;he’s = he is;she’s = she is
     
    you’re = you are;we’re = we are
     
    they’re = they are;there’re = there are
     
    there’s = there is;that’s = that is;it’s = it is
     
    注意:this is一般不缩写。
     
    ◆例句
     
    1、I’m a teacher. = I am a teacher.(我是老师。)
     
    2、They’re my friends. = They are my friends.(他们是我的朋友。)
     
    3、There’s a book in my bag. = There is a book in my bag.(我包里有一本书。)
     
     
     
    疑问词+系动词的缩写
     
    Who’s = Who is;Who’re = Who are
     
    How’s = How is;How’re = How are
     
    When’s = When is;When’re = When are
     
    What’s = What is;What’re = What are
     
    Where’s = Where is;Where’re = Where are
     
    ◆例句
     
    1、How s your family? = How is your family?(你的家人都好吗?)
     
    2、What’s the matter? = What is the matter?(你怎么了?)
     
    3、Where’re you going? = Where are you going?(你要去哪?)
     
     
     
    助动词的相关缩写
     
    have缩写成’ve,has缩写成’s,had缩写成’d。
     
    I ve = I have;You ve = You have;
     
    He s = He has;She s = She has;It s = It has
     
    We ve = We have;They ve = They have  
     
    I’d = I had;you’d = you had;He d = He had;She d = She had
     
    It d = It had;We d = We had;They d = They had
     
    ◆例句
     
    1、I’ve got a job. = I have got a job.(我找到了一份工作。)
     
    2、We ve been married for one year. = We have been married for one year.(我们结婚一年了。)
     
    3、He d never learned to read. = He had never learned to read.(他一直没有学会阅读。)
     
     
     
    情态动词的相关缩写
     
    will缩写成’ll,would缩写成’d。
     
    I’ll = I will;you’ll = you will
     
    she’ll = she will;he’ll = he will
     
    we’ll = we will;they’ll = they will
     
    I’d = I would;you’d = you would
     
    she’d = she would;he’d = he would
     
    we’d = we would;they’d = they would
     
    ◆例句
     
    1、I’ll see you tomorrow. = I will see you tomorrow.(明天见。)
     
    2、He ll study harder. = He will study harder.(他将更加努力学习。)
     
    3、They’d like to come with us. = They would like to come with us.(他们想和我们一起去。)
     
     
     
    其他缩写
     
    1、Let’s ...=Let us ...
     
    2、My name’s ...=My name is ...
     
    ◆例句
     
    1、Let s go to the cinema together.=Let us go to the cinema together.(我们一起去看电影。)
     
     
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